The Stanhopea Pages

Discussion & Events Section

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18 Jan 2008: The 19th World Orchid Conference,, will take place in Miami next week. Two talks on stanhopeas have been scheduled: Jan. 23, Nina Rach; Jan. 25, Rudolf Jenny. Be there!

5 Oct 2007: Following an unusually cool (high 80's-low 90's and cooler evenings); very rainy; and overcast summer in Houston, many stanhopeas are blooming unusually late, and September was a banner month.

Spring 2007: Major revamp of the website, new URL:

21 Feb 2006: Lecture on Stanhopeas at the Pan American Orchid Society Meeting, Coral Gables, Florida

6 January 2006: Lecture on Stanhopeas at the Greater North Texas Orchid Society Meeting, Dallas.

12-16 Oct 2005: Orchid trek in Guatemala. AOS and ribbon judging at the Exposición Nacional de Orquídeas, organized by the Asociación Guatemalteca de Orquideología (AGO, founded in 1973).

30 Aug 2005: Yes, there is at least one stanhopea species found in Argentina. Pablo Naumann notes that Stanhopea lietzei is found in the northern provinces of Salta and Jujuy.

5 July 2005: Lecture on Stanhopeas and related genera at the monthly meeting of the Heart O' Texas Orchid Society.
Stan. grandiflora and Stan. jenischiana blooming.

17 March 2005: New stanhopea species: Stanhopea manriqueii Jenny & Nauray 2004, in: Lankesteriana 4(2): 109 (Peruvian sp.).

7 Sept 2004 (Tues): Lecture on Stanhopeas and related genera at the monthly meeting of the San Francisco Orchid Society [Nina Rach]; plant sales (opportunity table) by Doug Pulley

20 Aug 2004 (Fri): New hybrid genus: Polygora [Plr.] J.M.H.Shaw = Gongora Ruiz & Pav. x Polycycnis Rchb.f. (Published by R.H.S. in New Orchid Hybrids, March - May 2004 Registrations).

18 Aug 2004 (Wed): Part 2 of Rudolf Jenny's Monograph on Stanhopea available in latest issue of Caesiana, journal of the European Orchid Congress.

21 July 2004 (Wed): Lecture on Stanhopeas and related genera at the monthly meeting of the Orchid Society of Southern Arizona, Tucson [Nina Rach].

12 Jan 2004 (Mon): Lecture on Stanhopeas and related genera at the monthly meeting of the Atlanta Orchid Society [Nina Rach].

6 Jan 2004 (Thurs): Lecture on Stanhopeas and related genera at the monthly meeting of the Houston Orchid Society [Nina Rach].

11 Sept 2003: There will be a stanhopea featured in the new " Bateman's Orchids 2004 Wall Calendar," published recently by Pomegranate Press; from The Academy of Natural Sciences.

Upcoming: Five more talks on stanhopeas in the U.S. this summer, by Nina Rach: June 9 Utah Orchid Society, Salt Lake City; June 10 Denver Orchid Society; July 7 Ft. Worth Orchid Society; July 16 South Florida Orchid Society, Miami; Aug. 23/24 Mid-America Orchid Congress, Louisville, Kentucky. Also watch for the Stanhopea photo essay in the July 2003 issue of Orchids magazine, and special offers on stanhopeas from advertisers in that issue.

3 June 2003: News about Rudolph Jenny's book on Stanhopeas-- this material will be published near the end of 2003 as a special issue of the Italian Journal of Orchidology, Caesiana. Single issue price for this is uncertain, but subscriptions to Caesiana are now 29.00 Euro for Europe (including postage). For a subscription sent to the U.S., add 7.00 Euro for extra postage, a total of 36.00 Euro per year. There are two issues each year. Homepage for the journal:

For a list of topics covered in past issues of Caesiana, see The next issue of Caesiana (No. 20) will be delivered at the end of June. For more information, contact the editor, Prof. Franco Bruno, at

31 May 2003: Report from the New Orleans Orchid Society Show -- in a reversal from last year, no stanhopeas were exhibited, but many were for sale! Noted that Bill Bergstrom was offering Stanhopea randii Schweinfurth (synonym for Stan. candida?) from Peru. Linda and Rolf Wilhelm (Woodland Orchids, Charlotte, NC) were selling nicely grown, very nearly blooming size hybrids in pressed paper pots. They were from a cross that Rolf made years ago: Stan. (jenischiana x nigroviolacea). Since the R.H.S. regards nigroviolacea as merely a variant of tigrina, this hybrid will probably be registered with tigrina var. nigroviolacea listed as a parent.
Two vendors had Peruvian stanhopea species for sale, presumably remnants from Redlands show a few weeks ago.

13-16 March 2003, The European Orchid Conference and Show, held at the RHS Horticultural Halls in London, England. There were two pertinent lectures in the lecture program:
13 March, 11:15 am: Dr. Rudolf Jenny (Switzerland) spoke on "The Genus Stanhopea"
15 March, 11:00 am: Dr. Günter Gerlach (Germany) spoke on "The sub-tribe Stanhopeinae – biology and systematics".
Unfortunately, the Foxdale Orchids (Richard Hartley) exhibit in Lawrence Hall, featured only lycastes and anguloas this time, not stanhopeas and gongoras.

24 Jan 2003: I'm interested in discussing Stanhopea anfracta, particularly why this is regarded by some as only a variation of Stanhopea wardii. I was looking into this last year, and it was brought again to my attention today by Sr. Santos Michelena of Caracas.

6 October 2002 at 2:00 pm: a lecture by Juan Philipe Posada (Colomborquideas, Medellin, Colombia) on "Stanhopeas and Gongoras" at the South Florida Orchid Society annual Speakers Day, Fire Fighters Memorial Building, 8000 N.W. 21 Street, Miami.

28 September 2002: Lecture by Nina Rach at the Corp Banca Building, SOEM show in Caracas, Venezuela, on the Stanhopinae, with simultaneous translation into Spanish by Ursula Ploch.

17 Sept 2002: Lecture by Nina Rach on the Stanhopinae at the New Orleans Orchid Society monthly meeting, held at the newly redesigned New Orleans Botanical Garden in City Park.

September 2002: This marks the 5 YEAR ANNIVERSARY of The Stanhopea Pages website.

17 August 2002: Coryhopea Off The Wall 'Balzak' (Stanhopea wardii x Coryanthes macrantha) received an HCC/AOS of 78 points at the Houston Judging Center. Award photo by Charlotte Randolph.

11 August 2002: Blooming in Houston: Stanhopea wardii; Stanhopea grandiflora; Stanhopea Ronsard.

Featured as the Cover Orchid on the homepage of the Orchid Society of Northwestern Pennsylvania this month: Stanhopea wardii. They write: "In this unusual view of Stanhopea wardii (from directly underneath the hanging plant), the flower almost resembles an orchid - or not depending on your interest in the unusual."

8 August 2002: Tennis Maynard has an unusual Stanhopea sp., which doesn't seem to fit the descriptions of any known species. Would anyone like to take a stab at identifying it? Photo

2 August 2002: Mexican species Acineta barkeri is blooming. It's the most northerly representative of the genus Acineta.

9 July 2002: Lecture by Nina Rach on the Stanhopinae at the Massachusetts Orchid Society meeting at Elm Bank, Mass. Horticultural Society facility, in Wellesley (Boston area).

7 July 2002: Lecture by Nina Rach on the Stanhopinae at the Piedmont Orchid Society meeting in Charlotte, NC.

15 June 2002: Stanhopea Assidensis 'Autre Vie' received an HCC/AOS of 79 points at the Houston Judging Center. Award photography by Charlotte Randolph.

26 April 2002: Blooming in Houston: Stanhopea grandiflora and Coryhopea ___ (Stan. wardii x Coryanthes macrantha).

18 April 2002: Here are two photos [ One and Two] provided by Pedro Glucksmann in Caracas. They were imported as Stanhopea annulata but clearly do not resemble that species. Do the readers have any ideas?

24 March 2001: Note from Dr. Thomas Pátkai, Department of Plant Physiology, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary:
"Congratulations to your Stanhopea pages, one of the very best monographic treatments of any orchid group on the whole web. Browsing through the species pages, I feel I spotted a typo' error you might wish to correct. Namely, on the page devoted to S. hernandezii the reference "A line drawing of the species is pictured in Hernandez's De Rerum Medicarum Nova Hispaniae Thesaurus, which was published in 1628, with the flower identified as "Coatzonte Cochoachitl" is erroneous. The local name given by Hernandez was 'Coatzonte Coxohitl' - as you may check it on the cut-out from the relevant page of Hernandez's book I am forwarding in the attached '' archive. [Thank you - it is fixed - Nina]

Apart from the local name there is an another interesting point in the caption. The Latin names given to this orcid are "Lyncis flore seu Lyncea" which means "Lynx flower also Lyncea" - referring to Lynx lynx L. (Class: Mammalia, Order: Carnivora, Family: Felidae). That is, the Eurasian lynx.

Now, it would be interesting to find out how and why Henandez named this New World orchid by referring to an Eurasian feline animal - which feature(s) of that Stanhopea conjured up this apparently rather far-fetched association in his mind ...

It could be interesting to air this puzzling question in the circles of Stanhopea lovers - don't you think so? [Yes - Nina]

And another interesting question is that why Hernandez included this plant into his work? Fortuantely, we know the answer: locals used it to cure sunstroke - back then an important point for Europeans not accustomed to hot tropical climates.

However, this answer raises the next question: is that so, does any Stanhopea sp. contain biologically active compound(s) which indeed affect humans?"

3 March 2001: Note from Joe Shragge(
"Hi, have ever thought of having a section for disease/pest of Stanhopeas? Or have I missed something? I love what you have done to bring Stanhopea lovers together. Keep up the this great site!"
Nina says: It's a good idea. If folks will send me digital images of any sick or ailing stanhopeas, I'll create a gallery of images and we can all help diagnose them.

27 Jan 2001: Note from Ken Tokach, Farwest Orchids (
"I grow only Peruvian species. I have a small greenhouse in Lakewood, Washington. I have a variety of Stanhopeas and Gongoras for sale. I have a Gongora scaphephorus with 4 spikes and about 350 flowers. I think it's my favorite Gongora. Thank you for your time."

24 Dec 2000: Note from Karen Nisbett, knisbett designs (
"I'm working on a commissioned piece of a Stanhopea hernandezii. I don't grow Stans, so I'm relying on photos supplied by my client, a pickled flower of a different Stan variety and whatever online info I can find (this has been scarce). I'm looking for suggestions for print volumes and/or online references with either line drawings or clear photos to aid in my depiction of the flower." Karen's website:

30 Nov 2000: Question from Hans Vissers (
"...could you help out with the tracing down of a certain Freddy from Mexico who just recently has presented at the Meeting of the AOS at Williamsburg; [Historical Board] his presentation on the species of Stanhopea, but have no idea who he might be nor how to obtain a copy of this new publication.... Hopefuly you could help me out and tks for your assistance. yrs truly, Hans"

20 Nov 2000: Request from Peter van Toorenenbergen, webmaster of the Dutch Orchid Society (, requesting permission to mirror The Stanhopea Pages website and put it on a demo CD for the Dutch Orchid Society [NOV]. The self starting CD's are to be stored at the library of the 19 sub-societies, from where it is lend out to the members. The whole lot is non-profit based."
Nina says: great!

6 Oct 2000: Note from Santos Michelena ( in Caracas:
"I have several plants of S. connata from Peru. I would agree on the idea of darker flowers when daylight is more intense as with many other orchids. I find this species an easy one to grow and the plant itself big in relation to the flowers. Only two flowers per stem, at least for me. Fungus resistant, not very fast grower but reliable. I have grown these plants in Venezuela, Caracas (intermediate conditions, on the cool side). I find this species one of the beautiful members of stanhopea."

12 Sept 2000: Note from Dr. Rudolf Jenny ( about Bergstrom's stanhopea:
"I think this is what we called earlier Stanhopea dodsonii from southern Mexico, I am not absolutely sure because the picture doesn't show the lip from the side but I think I am not too far away. This population of Stanhopea is a part of the overall Stanhopea oculata complex. Since you find everything in between the classical S.oculata and this (on your picture) I have some problems to decide whether we will have to treat it as own species or not. Stanhopea oculata is taxonomically seen a real nightmare, you find so much variability that if you would have a geographical separation, you wouldn't hesitate to make 10 different species. Unfortunately you find all those populations linked together in the same large area and you find everything in between the extreme forms. So I guess it will end with a "extemvariable" species like Epidendrum difforme (Carl Withner declares it as "syngameon")."

6 Sept 2000: Here is an unidentified stanhopea blooming now for Bill Bergstrom ( in Hawaii.
"It looks at first like it is going to be oculata then gets darker and darker red purple. The eyes have blended into one wide purple band in the pouch. The pouch area is covered over with a richly textured and hairy set of flaps from either side. The fragrance is NOT the normal fragrance of oculata. In fact the ONLY thing left of oculata is the life saver markings. "

15 August 2000: Pedro Glucksmann has provided an image of a Venezuelan stanhopea. It appears to be reminicent of Stanhopea wardii, but apparently has a very strong, sweet and chocolate/cinnamon-like perfume, distinct from the scent of S. wardii. Dr. Gunther Gerlach suggests that it might be Stanhopea jenischiana Send your comments.

10 August 2000: Note from David Banks:
"I believe that the Ecuadorian Stanhopea species submitted by Ian Chalmers to be within the range of Stanhopea connata. It certainly is a darker colour than many of the clones I have seen, even though we know they also darken with age. S. connata is from Peru, Ecuador and Colombia - and has a very thick labellum and "chunky horns"."

9 August 2000: Here is a photo of an unknown Stanhopea from Ecuador, flowered by Ian Chalmers ( in Australia in August 1999. Does anyone know what it might be?

8 August 2000: Note from David P. Banks (
"I have spoken to Ian Chalmers about his Stanhopea connata... which flowered pale in winter, darker in summer. The darker bloom in summer could be a result of:
1. Increased daylight hours "hitting" the developing bud (longer daylength);
2. Higher UV intensity in summer
Or a combination of both. I have noticed a similar thing with many of the bright coloured Dendrobium species from Papua New Guinea and Indonesia, such as D. cuthbertsonii, D. lawesii and D. jacobsonii."

23 July 2000: Received description and photo of new species, Stanhopea greerii Jenny from David Banks (

7 July 2000: Note from Ian Chalmers about flowering Stanhopea connata: "I have just flowered Stanhopea connata in winter. The flower colour appears to be conditional on temperature. In the Summer it flowered a burn orange and in winter it was yellow. The same plant. Previously I had read that there were two colour forms. I now believe that this is not correct and the temperature determines the colour."

29 Feb 2000: Note from Gary Dennis []:
"I have just flowered a plant which recently was imported from Columbia. It is apparently a new species which has been described in Orchids of Columbia Vol. 6. ...I've included a couple of .jpg's for you." [side-view; full inflorescence]

28 Feb 2000: OGD entry from Robert Pavlis ( about repotting Stanhopeas (26 Jul 1999)

29 Nov 99: Note from David P Banks on OGD that a new species of Stanhopea will be described in the Feb-March 2000 issue of the Australian Orchid Review. (

28 Nov 99: Note from Wm. Paul Mitchell ( on Orchid Guide Digest
about Stanhopea culture in south Florida.

12 October 1999: A note from Noble Bashor (
"Stanhopea radiosa Lem, nb#1663, Nayarit Mx., 914m elev., west of La Liberdad, Epiphytic on large Oaks.
...Yes, you can use on your website, yes I am the collector and the photographer. Regards, Noble Bashor"

6 September 1999: A note from Rod Rice in Australia ( ):
"My name is Rod Rice. I am the editor of a new quarterly orchid journal Oasis (Orchid Appreciation of Species, International Subscribers).
I have been strongly involved in the collection and study of orchids from the subtribe Stanhopeinae for more than ten years with a very specialised interest in the Gongora. Between my close friend Roger Kramer and myself we have probably the largest living collection of Stanhopea and Gongora in the world.
We have species Barney Greer never did, including S. avicula, S. annulata, the real S. gibbosa, the real S. tricornis var. stenochylla, and an almost jet black form of S. platyceras, the seedlings of S. hasseloviana that have been getting around came from Roger and myself, amongst many other speceis. Gary Denis told me sometime ago he was going to inform you of the conservation efforts Roger and I have made in relation to this genus and that you were going to contact me for further infomation.
So I thought I would email and let you know of the new journal, which will be covering orchids from within that group fairly regularly. The site is not fully functional as yet, but you still may wish to check it out at; Amongst the galleries there will be a Gongora and Stanhopea galleries.
Kind Regards, Rod Rice

30 April 1999 (Friday, 1:30 pm): Lecture by Dr. Rudolf Jenny in a Horticultural Session of the WOC in Vancouver, BC, on "New and rediscovered species in the subtribe Stanhopeinae"

29-30 April 1999: An intial meeting was held at the World Orchid Conference in Vancouver to discuss the formation of a new special interest group dedicated to the Stanhopea and Catasetinae Alliance. The de facto leader is Gordon Tingley. He may be reached at:
#1019-1450 Chestnut Street,
Vancouver, BC, Canada V6J 3K3
Telephone: (604) 738-5010

29 April 1999 (Thursday): Computer Session Panel Discussion at the WOC in Vancouver, led by Dr. Rudolf Jenny, including Nina Rach (Stanhopea Pages website!!!), Frank Slaughter, Ed de Vogel, Sarah Thomas, Eric Hagsater.

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