Stanhopea avicula

Dressler 1989

Native to eastern Panama, South America

Edited 16 May 2007

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Originally published in Amer. Orchid Soc. Bull. 58: 885 (-886), figs. 1989.

Discovered in Panama in 1980 around 1500m (4700 ft) elevation by K.R. Reading and R.R. Tasker. It was described by Dressler in 1989 and the holotype is at MOBOT. Named for the tapering epichile with a "bird-head" shape. Flowers are similar to Stanhopea annulata with the same fleshy ring around the hypochile, but S. avicula has smaller flowers of a deeper orange/apricot color. Rare.

Another specimen collected 7 Nov. 1992 and the holotype assembled by Mark Whitten 91407 for the Univ. of Florida herbarium. "Panama: Darien. Cerro Tacarcuna. Elevation about 1500 m; collected by K.R. Reading and R.R. Tasker s.n. and cultivated by R.L. Dressler; plant from which holotype was prepared. Flowered in cultivation at the Univ. of Florida 14 Dec. 1992. Plant and flowers small, resembling S. annulata. Infloresence two-flowered; flowers creamy white, speckled with red."

See the webpage about Primitive Stanhopeas [annulata, avicula, cirrhata, ecornuta, pulla].

Printed References:

Robert L. Dressler (1989) "Stanhopea avicula," in: American Orchid Society Bulletin 58(9): 885-886.

Robert L. Dressler (1993) Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa Rica and Panama. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 304 pp, 240 illustrations. [Acineta superba; A. chrysantha; A. sella-turcica; Gongora amparoana; G. tricolor; G. claviodora; G. gibba; G. atropurpurea; G. quinquenervis; G. unicolor; G. truncata; G. charontis; G. horichiana; G. armeniaca; Lacaena bicolor; L. spectabilis; Schlimia jasminodora; Sievekingia fimbriata; S. butcheri; S. suavis; Stanhopea oculata; S. panamensis; S. warscewicziana; S. wardii; S. costaricensis; S. gibbosa; S. cirrhata; S. avicula; S. ecornuta; S. pulla; Trevoria glumacea; T. zahlbruckneriana]

Rodrigo R. Escobar [ed.] (1992) Native Colombian Orchids, Volume 4: Porroglossum-Zygosepalum. Medellin: Compania Litografica Nacional S.A., pp. 456-616. [pp. 546-553: Stanhopea platyceras, reichenbachiana, impressa, oculata, connata, candida, avicula, shuttleworthii, wardii, panamensis, pulla]

Rodrigo R. Escobar [ed.] (1998) Native Colombian Orchids, Volume 6: Supplement Leucohyle-Zootrophion. Medellin: Compania Litografica Nacional S.A., pp. 847-1069. [pp. 1022-1033: Stan. cf. costaricensis, ospinae, stevensonii, wardii, jenischiana, posadae, shuttleworthii, candida, annulata, pulla, avicula, tricornis, impressa, xherrenhusana, reichenbachiana]

Rudolf Jenny (1994) "The Gongorinae: 7. Stanhopea: part 13," in: Caesiana no. 3, pp. -. [Stanhopea avicula, S. guttulata and S. stevensonii Mejia & Escobar ex Jenny, spec. nov.]

Rudolf Jenny (Dec. 2003) "The Genus Stanhopea. Part 1: S. anfracta to S. napoensis," in: Caesiana no. 21, Supplement. 200 color photos, 160 p., Italian/English, covers 32 species.

Online references:

University of Florida Herbarium Collections Catalog, Accession # FLAS 181947, specimen collected 7 Nov. 1992 by Mark Whitten 91407. Link

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