Stanhopea florida

Reichenbach f. 1879

Native to Colombia, Peru, and Ecuador

Edited 10 May 2007

Photo of Stanhopea florida flower by Troy Meyers

This species bears very large (up to 15 cm), creamy-white to beige or pale yellow flowers covered with small red spots. The flowers have a scent reminiscent of moth balls.

Two photos at left of the yellow-flowered form, by Troy Meyers. See more at Meyers Conservatory


Below, a photomicrograph of Stanhopea florida seed taken from a mature, dry capsule (photo by Lacey Powell, Meyers Conservatory). Seed in center about 1mm long; embryo about 0.02mm long.


Photo of Stanhopea florida inflorescence by Troy Meyers

Her comments: "Seed is light yellow to the naked eye, and lightweight and easily becomes airborne. Medium sized seeds are balloons, sometimes curved, and have small sized egg-shaped dense embryos centrally located which are 1/4 the length of the seed. About 91% of seeds appear to have good embryos."

Photomicrograph of Stanhopea florida seed by Lacey Powell







AOS Awards

Stanhopea florida 'Evets' CBR/AOS; AQ 15(3): 91P
Awarded 12 Nov 1983, Southern Regional Monthly Judging, Atlanta. Exhibitor: F.L. Stevenson.
Eleven cream flowers with red flecking on two inflorescences; lip with flecking darker and denser near base; flowers rather closely spaced, petals reflexed into a tail, sepal margins rolled back, texture dull except for waxy lip, substance rubbery. Natural spread of flower 10.9 cm; dorsal sepal 3.2 cm wide, 6.9 cm long; petals 1.7 cm wide, 5.1 cm long; lateral sepals 3.6 cm wide, 6.5 cm long; lip 2.4 cm wide, 5.9 cm long.

Photo of Stanhopea florida 'Autre Vie' by Don Ghiz
Stanhopea florida 'Miguel's Gift' HCC/AOS 75 points
Awarded 20 Sept 2003, Houston Judging Center. Exhibitor: Nina Rach
Five flowers and one bud on one inflorescence. Beige form, Ecuador. OIC #14,377.

Photo at right, by Don Ghiz.

References on Stanhopea florida:

Arcadio Arosemena G., Roberto Estrada G., Cecilia de Jurado, and Max Konanz M. (1988) Orquídeas de la costa del Ecuador, Guayaquil: Asociacion Ecuatoriana de Orquideologia, 129p [p. 155 with photo].

David E. Bennett and Eric A. Christenson (1993?) Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum. 600 species illustrated in 604 pages, including 5 stanhopeas: Stan. anfracta (Pl. 574); Stan. candida (Pl. 385); Stan. deltoidea (Pl. 575); Stan. florida (Pl. 576); Stan. nigripes (Plate 577).

Calaway H. Dodson (1967) "El genero Stanhopea en Colombia," in: Orquideologia 2(4): 7-27. [Stan. annulata, candida, florida, grandiflora, impressa, jenishiana, oculata, ospinae, platyceras, reichenbachiana, rodigasiana, shuttleworthii, tricornis, tricornis ssp. stenochila, wardii]

Calaway H. Dodson (1975) "Orchids of Ecuador: Stanhopea," in: Selbyana, 1(2): 114-129.

Calaway H. Dodson (1988) "A list of the orchid species reported for Ecuador," in: Orquídeas de la costa del Ecuador, 115-129.

Barney Greer (1998) The Astonishing Stanhopeas, Collaroy Beach, NSW Australia, 92p. [photo].

Rudolf Jenny (Jan-Feb-Mar 1993) "The Genus Stanhopea in Colombia," in: Orchid Digest 57(1):17. [includes: S. annulata, candida, connata, florida, grandiflora, x herrenhusana, impressa, jenischiana, oculata, ospinae, platyceras, pulla, reichenbachiana, rodigasiana, shuttleworthii, tricornis, wardii]

Rudolf Jenny (Dec. 2003) "The Genus Stanhopea. Part 1: S. anfracta to S. napoensis," in: Caesiana no. 21, Supplement. 200 color photos, 160 p., Italian/English, covers 32 species.

Eduard August von Regel (1883) "Stanhopea florida," in: Gartenflora

H. Gustav Reichenbach (1879) Stanhopea florida, in: Gardeners' Chronicle 12: 615. [type publication]

H. Gustav Reichenbach (1881) Stanhopea florida, in: Gardeners' Chronicle [further discussion, with two illustrations].

Norris H. Williams (1982) "The biology of orchids and euglossine bees," in: J. Arditti, Orchid Biology, Reviews and Perspectives, II, pp. 119-171. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press. [Acineta; Cirrhaea; Gongora; Houlletia; Lacaena; Peristeria; Polycycnis; Schlimia; Sievekingia; Stanhopea annulata, candida, cirrhata, connata, costaricensis, ecornuta, embreei, florida, frymirei, gibbosa, grandiflora, impressa, jenishiana, oculata, reichenbachiana, saccata, tigrina, tricornis, wardii, warscewicziana]

Web links:

Stanhopea florida from the collection of the Botanical Gardens and Arboretum, Mendel University of Agriculture and Forestry Brno, Czech Republic.

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