Stanhopea jenischiana

F.Kramer ex Rchb.f. 1852

Native to Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador

Edited 20 August 2007
© Nina Rach


Stanhopea 
jenishiana by Linda Petchnick

This species was first published under this name in Bot. Zeit. x. (1852) p.934.

The flowers are large, yellow, lightly spotted ot speckled with red, and nicely fragrant. Five to seven flowers per inflorescense; blooms in summer. It grows in intermediate conditions with bright-hazy light, and likes a slightly dry, cool, winter rest to flower well. However, this does not mean allowing the bulbs to shrivel or dessicate (nor should the leaves fall off!). Grows well on the Texas Gulf coast under 65% shade cloth.

The image at left depicts a watercolor by Linda Walsh Petchnick of Washington State. This is catalog no. 1913. See more of Ms. Petchnick's work at The Orchid Painter

Taxonomy:

This species has an interesting taxonomic history, with many prior names: < Epidendrum grandiflorum Humb. & Bonpl. 180_
Dendrobium grandiflorum (Humboldt & Bonpland) Swartz 1829
Anguloa grandiflora (Bonpl.) Kunth - Nov. Gen. Sp. [H.B.K.] i. 345.

Stanhopea jenischiana F.Kramer ex. Rchb.f. 1852
Stanhopea guttata Beer 1854
Stanhopea grandiflora (Bonpl.) Rchb. f. 1863
Stanhopea grandiflora var. jenischiana Rchb.f. 1863
John Lindley dubbed it Stanhopea bucephalus var. guttata, in 18__. In 1874, Eduard Regel moved it to Stanhopea bucephalus var. jenischiana and apparently also published it as Stanhopea bucephalus var. roezlii. In 1924, Rudolf Schlechter named a Colombian specimen of this species Stanhopea hoppii.


The plant illustrated below was grown and photographed by Mark Srull:

Stan. jenischiana by Mark Srull Stan. jenischiana by Mark Srull

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Stanhopea jenishiana by Marc Philippe

This species is pollinated by the Eulaema bomboides bee.

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The image at right is from Marc Phillipe's Orchid Homepage [in French]

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Hybrids of Stanhopea jenischiana:

Stanhopea Bird of Prey (jenischiana x nigroviolacea) -- registered at RHS in Q3 2003 by Woodland.

Stanhopea Gary Baker (Assidensis x jenischiana) -- reg. 1992 by Baker & Chantry (Woodinville, Washington).

Stanhopea ___ (jenischiana x connata) -- photo published in Jenny (Dec. 1993).

See: Stanhopea hybrid webpage.


Printed References:

______ Orquideas Colombianas y sus Polinizadores (Colombian orchids and their pollinators); [Elleanthus aurantiacus, aureus, capitatus; Stanhopea candida, connata, jenishiana, wardii]. See also: Dodson (Marzo 1972).

Arcadio Arosema G., Roberto Estrada G., Cecilia De Jurado, Max Konanz M. (1988) Orchids From the Coast of Ecuador. Guayaquil: Asociacion Ecuatoriana de Orquideologia, 129p., 171 color photos. [154-155 Stan. florida; 156. Stan annulata; 157. Stan embreei; 158. Stan. frymirei; 159. Stan. jenishiana [ibid.]; 160. Stan. tricornis]. "Bilingual (Spanish-English). Presenting 171 West Ecuador native orchid species : name origin, description, distribution, and habitat. Low quality photography."

Johann Georg Beer (18__) "Orchidaceae Stanhopea guttata," in: Prakt. Orch. 312. []

Calaway H. Dodson (1967) "El genero Stanhopea en Colombia," in: Orquideologia 2(4): 7-27. [Stan. annulata, candida, florida, grandiflora, impressa, jenishiana, oculata, ospinae, platyceras, reichenbachiana, rodigasiana, shuttleworthii, tricornis, tricornis ssp. stenochila, wardii].

G.C.K. Dunsterville and Leslie A. Garay (1979) Orchids of Venezeula: An Illustrated Field Guide. Vol. 3 (P-Z): 950. [pp. 948-952: Stan. candida, grandiflora, Jenischiana, oculata, Wardii].

G.C.K. Dunsterville and Leslie A. Garay (June 1976) Orchids of Venezeula, Volume 6. London: Andre Deutsch Limited. [pp. 38: correction to Vol. 1; p.418: Stanhopea Jenischiana, Hoppii].

Rodrigo R. Escobar [ed.] (1998) Native Colombian Orchids, Volume 6: Supplement Leucohyle-Zootrophion. Medellin: Compania Litografica Nacional S.A., pp. 847-1069. [pp. 1022-1033: Stan. cf. costaricensis, ospinae, stevensonii, wardii, jenischiana, posadae, shuttleworthii, candida, annulata, pulla, avicula, tricornis, impressa, xherrenhusana, reichenbachiana].

Barney Greer (Sept. 1998) The Astonishing Stanhopeas (the upside-down orchids). Sydney: Australian Orchid Foundation. 92 color pages, including 55 known species and five natural hybrids. [p.34, with color photo]

(Friedrich Wilhelm Heinrich) Alexander (von) Humboldt and Aimé Jacques Alexandre Bonpland (18__) "Epidendrum grandiflorum," in: Pl. Aequin. Vol. 1, p. 94. t. 27.

Rudolf Jenny (Dec. 1993) "The Genus Stanhopea," in: AOS Bulletin 62(12): 1271-1277; includes the very useful 'Preliminary List of Stanhopea Species'. [photos of: Stan. shuttleworthii, hernandezii, jenischiana x connata, eccornuta, deltoidea, connata, candida, tricornis; Embreea rodigasiana; Stan. Mem. Paul Allen].

Rudolf Jenny (Jan-Feb-Mar 1993) "The Genus Stanhopea in Colombia," in: Orchid Digest 57(1): 17 [Stan. annulata, candida, connata, florida, grandiflora, x herrenhusana, impressa, jenischiana, oculata, ospinae, platyceras, pulla, reichenbachiana, rodigasiana, shuttleworthii, tricornis, wardii].

Rudolf Jenny (Dec. 2003) "The Genus Stanhopea. Part 1: S. anfracta to S. napoensis," in: Caesiana no. 21, Supplement. 200 color photos, 160 p., Italian/English, covers 32 species.

Franz August Kramer (1852) "Stanhopea jenischiana F.Kramer ex Rchb.f.," in: Bot. Zeit. Vol. 10, p. 934.

John Lindley (18__) "Stanhopea bucephalus ," in: Gen. et Sp. Orch. 157 [origin: Mexico]

Heinrich Gustav Reichenbach (18__) "," in: .

Heinrich Gustav Reichenbach (1861) "Orchidaceae Stanhopea grandiflora var. jenischiana (F.Kramer ex Rchb.f.) Rchb.f.," in: Ann. Bot. Syst. (Walpers) 6: 588. [Annales Botanices Systematicae, Edited by Wilhelm Gerhard Walpers]

Eduard August von Regel (1874) "Stanhopea bucephalus f. jenischiana," in: Gartenflora Vol. 23, p. 35 [nomenclatural synonym]

Gustavo A. Romero & German Carnevali (15 July 2000) Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide, Second Edition. Caracas: Armitano Editores C.A. [Stan. candida, grandiflora, jenischiana, oculata, wardii].

(Friedrich Richard) Rudolf Schlechter (1924) "Stanhopea hoppii," in: Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. Vol. 27, p. 82. [origin: Colombia]

Norris H. Williams (1982) "The biology of orchids and euglossine bees," in: J. Arditti (Ed.), Orchid Biology, Reviews and Perspectives, II, pp. 119-171. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press. [Stanhopea annulata, candida, cirrhata, connata, costaricensis, ecornuta, embreei, florida, frymirei, gibbosa, grandiflora, impressa, jenishiana, oculata, reichenbachiana, saccata, tigrina, tricornis, wardii, warscewicziana].


Web References:

International Plant Names Index [IPNI], www.ipni.org.

Orquideas Colombianas y sus Polinizadores (Colombian Orchids and their Pollinators) [S. jenishiana = Eulaema bomboides]

Photo from Akerne Orchids, Belgium, of a plant from Ecuador

Photo from Bergstrom Orchids, Hawaii

Photo from Jitze Mud, Netherlands

Photo of a Peruvian plant, cultivated and photographed by Alfredo Manrique

The Stanhopea Gallery from the Peruvian Orchid Society



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