Native to Costa Rica (and Panama?)
Edited 11 May 2007
© Nina Rach
This species is found in the Atlantic (Caribbean) lowlands of Costa Rica, from sea level up to ~1000 m (3000 ft) elevation.
Dressler writes: "Hypochile globose in profile; [color] greenish cream, horns and epichile white, base of lip may have dark purple eyes, column and epichile may be speckled with red."
In Houston, this species grows very well outside under 65% shade cloth, brought into the greenhouse in the winter, and blooms in June.
Barney Greer mentions that this species "grows huge and lush... in the wet tropical jungles of Costa Rica." In Australia, it grows best in his warm glasshouse "down to 14 deg.C (55 deg. F) ...with up to eight flowers per inflorescence." It is featured on the cover of his book,
"The Astonishing Stanhopeas."
Photo at left provided by Pedro Glucksmann (blooming in Sept 2000 in Caracas, VZ).
Andres Maduro thinks this species is also native to Panama.
"Very large short-lived fragrant blooms on a pendent inflorescence. Large leaves. Grow warm-intermediate, with moderately bright light, evenly moist."
Photo at right was provided by Dr. Guenter Gerlach, Munich Botanical Garden, Germany.
Stanhopea warscewicziana 'Flor Acosta' CHM/AOS
in: Awards Quarterly - Vol. 22 - No. 4 - Winter 1991, B&W photo.
Robert L. Dressler (1993) Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa Rica and Panama, p. 153 (description only; no drawing or photo).
Maria Isabel González & Dora E. Mora de Retana. 1996. "El color de las flores en la taxonomía de cuatro especies de Stanhopea (Orchidaceae)" ["The color of the flowers in the taxonomy of four species of Stanhopea (Orchidaceae)"]. In: Revista Biol. Trop. 44: 525-539.
-- A statistical analysis of floral colorsss in four spp. of Stanhopea occurring in Costa Rica results in refined characterizations. A key (based mainly on flower colors) is provided to distinguish the spp. studied (Stanhopea costaricensis Rchb. f., S. gibbosa Rchb. f., S. wardii Lodd. ex Lindl., and S. warscewicziana Klotzsch).
Barney Greer (1998) The Astonishing Stanhopeas, pp. 60-61 (large color photo).
Clarence Horich (1974) "Stanhopea warscewicziana," in: Die Orchidee 25:153.
Clarence Kl. Horich (May-June 1974) "The Costa Rican Stanhopea Species," in: Orchid Digest 38(3): 108. [includes Stanhopea cirrhata, costaricensis, ecornuta, x fowlieana, gibbosa, pulla, wardii, warscewiczii]
International Plant Names Index (IPNI),
Review of Barney Greer's book with
cover photo of Stanhopea warscewicziana.
Photo of Stanhopea warscewicziana at Akerne Orchids in Belgium
Photo of this species from Maduro's Tropical Flowers of Panama, at the Woodstream Orchids website.
Photo #1 of this species by the late Jitze Mud, Netherlands. Photo #2 is very large and may take time to open.