Native to Bolivia, Peru.
Edited 12 April 2007
© Nina Rach
Reichenbach originally cited this species from Peru in 1868. In 1984, Dodson published this species as Stanhopea vasquezii, from a plant that flowered in cultivation after being collected at Cochabamba, Bolivia by J. Kuhn et al., 7 July 1981. The holotype for Stanhopea vasquezii Dodson is in the Selby Herbarium.
Photo at left provided by Kelvin M. Bush, UK.
Kenneth J. Curry, Lorraine M. McDowell, Walter S. Judd, & William Louis Stern (May 1991) "Osmophores, Floral Features, and Systematics of Stanhopea (Orchidaceae)," in: American Journal of Botany 78(5): 610-623.
"The floral fragrance glands (osmophores) of 18 species of Stanhopea and Sievekingia were examined through a series of developmental studies at light and electron microscope levels including late bud stages through postanthesis." [Sievekingia; Stanhopea anfracta, annulata, candida, ecornuta, gibbosa, martiana, oculata, pulla, radiosa, ruckeri, saccata, shuttleworthii, tigrina, vasquezii - now xytriophora, and wardii]
Link to abstract:
Calaway H. Dodson (1984) "Stanhopea vasquezii," in: Selbyana 7: 358.
Reichenbach (1868) "Stanhopea xytriophora," in: Gardener's Chron. 842.
Charles Schweinfurth (1961) Orchids of Peru. Chicago Nat. History Museum, pg. 612.
International Plant Names Index [IPNI],
Photo from Burleigh Park Orchids, Australia.